Architecture Of Castel Sant’Angelo

Castel Sant'Angelo Architecture is a magnificent example of the ancient Roman engineering and artistry combined with later styles and influences. The architecture of Castel Sant'Angelo reflects the grandeur and sophistication of Roman architecture, which is visible in the massive cylindrical structure made of concrete and brick in the lower part of the building. The upper part of the structure is a square-shaped building adorned with statues and other decorative elements that showcase the Baroque style.


One of the most impressive features of Castel Sant'Angelo Architecture is the bridge leading to the castle, lined with ten statues of angels, designed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. The interior of the castle features a series of rooms, halls, and corridors that were used for various purposes over the centuries. Visitors can explore the museum's collections of art, weapons, armor, and other historical artifacts.


Castel Sant'Angelo Architecture is a testament to the rich cultural heritage of Rome, and it remains one of the most iconic landmarks in the city. Its architecture has been a source of inspiration for architects and artists for centuries. The castle has undergone many renovations and modifications over time, but it has managed to retain its unique character and beauty. Plan a visit to Castel Sant'Angelo to witness its breathtaking architecture and learn more about Castel Sant Angelo history.

The Lower Part
The Lower Part

The lower part of Castel Sant'Angelo is a remarkable example of ancient Roman engineering and design. The massive cylindrical structure is made of concrete and brick, with walls over 10 feet thick. It was originally built as a mausoleum for Emperor Hadrian and his family in AD 135. The cylindrical shape is a tribute to ancient Roman engineering and design, which was common in many structures of the time. The lower part of the castle has also served as a fortress and a prison over the centuries, adding to its rich and diverse history. It remains a significant landmark in Rome today and a testament to the ingenuity and skill of ancient Roman architects.


Must Checkout: Passetto di Borgo

The Upper Part
The Upper Part

The upper part of Castel Sant'Angelo is a stunning example of Baroque style Architecture. It features a square-shaped building adorned with statues and other decorative elements. The statues depict angels, emperors, and other notable figures, reflecting the castle's different uses over time. The upper part was added in the 17th century by Pope Urban VIII, who commissioned Gian Lorenzo Bernini to redesign the castle's interior and exterior. Bernini's designs gave the upper part its unique Baroque style, characterized by its grandeur, opulence, and attention to detail. The upper part of Castel Sant'Angelo is a testament to the castle's evolution and the enduring influence of Baroque architecture on Italian art and culture.


Read More: Castel Sant Angelo Skip The Line

The Bridge
The Bridge

The architecture of the Bridge of Castel Sant'Angelo is a testament to ancient Roman engineering and design. The bridge was built by Emperor Hadrian in AD 134 as a means to connect the city of Rome to his mausoleum, which later became Castel Sant'Angelo. The bridge was originally called Pons Aelius, named after Hadrian's family name. It features five arches that span over the Tiber River and is adorned with marble and stone statues of angels, designed by Bernini in the 17th century. The bridge has undergone several renovations and restorations over the centuries, but its ancient Roman architecture and design have remained intact, making it a popular tourist attraction and a symbol of Rome's rich history and culture.

Interior
Interior

The interior architecture of Castel Sant'Angelo is a stunning blend of ancient Roman and Baroque styles. Originally built as a mausoleum for Emperor Hadrian and his family, the interior has undergone several transformations over the centuries. In the 14th century, it was converted into a fortress, and later a papal residence in the 16th century. The Baroque style was added in the 17th century by Pope Urban VIII, who commissioned Gian Lorenzo Bernini to redesign the castle's interior. The interior features grand halls, decorated with frescoes, marble sculptures, and other ornate elements. The architecture reflects the castle's diverse history and the evolution of Italian art and culture over the centuries.


Suggested Read: National Museum Castel Sant'Angelo

The Rooftop Terrace
The Rooftop Terrace

The rooftop terrace of Castel Sant'Angelo is a magnificent example of ancient Roman engineering and design. The terrace offers stunning panoramic views of the city of Rome and the Tiber River. The rooftop terrace was originally designed as a defensive feature of the castle, allowing soldiers to survey the surrounding area and fend off potential attacks. Today, it serves as a popular tourist destination and a prime location for outdoor events and concerts. The terrace is adorned with sculptures, decorative elements, and intricate masonry work, adding to its architectural beauty. The rooftop terrace is a must-see for visitors to Castel Sant'Angelo, offering a glimpse into ancient Roman architecture and design.


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Story of Castel Sant'Angelo

History of Castel Sant'Angelo

Castel Sant'Angelo is a famous monument located in Rome, Italy, that has served as a mausoleum, fortress, and museum throughout its history. Castel Sant Angelo architecture is a blend of different styles and influences, reflecting the various functions it has served over the centuries. The structure was originally commissioned by the Roman Emperor Hadrian as a mausoleum for himself and his family in the year 130 AD.


It was designed by the architect Demetrius and completed in 139 AD. The mausoleum featured a cylindrical drum with a conical roof, topped by a statue of Hadrian on horseback. In the 5th century AD, the mausoleum was converted into a fortress and incorporated into the city walls of Rome. Additional defensive features, such as a moat and drawbridge, were added to the building during this time.


In the 14th century, the building was used as a residence for the popes during times of political unrest. They added a fortified corridor, known as the Passetto di Borgo, which connects the castle to the Vatican.


During the Renaissance, the castle was transformed into a lavish residence by the popes, who commissioned famous artists such as Raphael and Michelangelo to decorate its interior. Today, Castel Sant'Angelo serves as a museum and is open to the public. Castel Sant Angelo architecture is a testament to the building's rich and varied history, with influences ranging from ancient Roman to Renaissance styles.

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Highlights
  • Marvel at centuries of ancient history within the castle walls at the museum

  • Explore 5 floors of the magnificent Castel Sant'Angelo Museum by booking your skip-the-line ticket

  • Enjoy stunning views from the city, river, and sunset from the terrace of the castle

  • Learn about the museum's past and how it served as a fortification against Barbarian attacks on the city

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Must Know Before You Go
  • You will have to climb a series of stairs to reach the panoramic terrace.
  • Participants are not allowed to carry any sharp object, lighter, luggage bag, alcohol, knife, etc.
  • All foreign nationals must share their passport and visa details at the time of arrival.
  • ID proof is mandatory for each individual guest at the time of arrival.
  • Age policies change according to the package. Please go through the policies in the package before booking.
  • Please note that the time slots may be subject to slight variations, and we will allocate a time slot available within a 30-minute window before or after your initial selection.
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FAQs

What architectural styles are present in Castel Sant'Angelo?

    The Castel Sant Angelo architecture is a unique blend of ancient Roman, Renaissance, and Baroque styles. The lower part of the castle features ancient Roman architecture, while the upper part is characterized by the grandeur and opulence of Baroque style.

What are some notable features of Castel Sant'Angelo Architecture?

Who designed the Baroque-style upper part of Castel Sant'Angelo?

What is the role of the Bridge of Castel Sant'Angelo?

How can I access the rooftop terrace of Castel Sant'Angelo?

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